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Basic Facts About Gun Control in Mexico

Do you know it is illegal to enter Mexico with a firearm without a permit from the Secretariat of National Defense? This permit must be processed before you attempt to cross the border with any firearm or ammunition

  • All arms must be registered with the Secretariat of National Defense in accordance with the Federal Law on Firearms and Explosives.
  • The Dirección de Comercialización de Armamento y Municiones – DCAM, located in Mexico City, is the only legally authorized firearms store in the country.
  • The Secretariat of National Defense (SEDENA), is responsible for issuing licenses and operating the General Directorate for the Federal Firearms Registry and Explosives Control.
  • Lost or stolen firearms must be reported to the Secretariat of Defense.
  • Firearms must be kept in the home; in order to carry one, you need a license, which is typically reserved for police, army, navy officials, and specialized sporting participants.
  • Carry firearms licenses are issued to individuals who, among other qualifications, are mentally capable, do not have a criminal record, or history of illegal drug use, and can demonstrate a need to carry arms.
  • Officials hold their license for as long as they are in the position that requires a firearms license, whereas individuals must renew their license every two years.
  • Licenses may be granted to private individuals for target shooting or hunting, if the applicant is a member of a registered club or association and meets the requirements.
  • Transport of firearms: gun owners who belong to hunting or shooting clubs and keep registered firearms must maintain a valid permit.
  • The private sale of firearms must be authorized by the Secretariat of National Defense.
  • Mexico’s legal gun stores sold 52,147 firearms between 2009 and 2014. According to the U.S. Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives 73,684 of the 104,850 guns which were confiscated in Mexico from 2009-2014 originated from the U.S. and were illegally smuggled into Mexico.

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